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Bentota
Bentota
Beruwala
Beruwala
Kalutara
Kalutara
Negombo
Negombo
Waikkal
Waikkal
Wadduwa
Wadduwa
Koggala
Koggala
Hikkaduwa
Hikkaduwa
Marawila
Marawila
Kandy
Kandy
Colombo
Colombo
Nuwara Eliya
Nuwara Eliya
Sigiriya
Sigiriya
Tangalle
Tangalle
Landesinnere
Landesinnere
Sri Lanka Westküste
Sri Lanka Westküste
Sri Lanka Ostküste
Sri Lanka Ostküste
Sri Lanka Südküste
Sri Lanka Südküste
Sri Lanka Nordküste
Sri Lanka Nordküste

Die beliebtesten Urlaubsorte in Sri Lanka

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Beliebteste Hotels Sri Lanka

Beruwala, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, HP
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, HP
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, freundliches Personal, Größe der Zimmer, gute Zimmerausstattung, Sauberkeit im Restaurant
Ahungalla, Sri Lanka Südküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, ÜF
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, ÜF
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, guter Check-In/Check-Out, abwechslungsreiches Essen, leckeres Essen
Kalutara, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
7 Tage, AI
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, AI
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, Größe der Zimmer, gute Zimmerausstattung, freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, Sauberkeit im Zimmer
Negombo, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
7 Tage, ÜF
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, ÜF
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, Größe der Zimmer, Größe des Badezimmers, gute Zimmerausstattung, freundliches Personal, guter Check-In/Check-Out
Piliyandala, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
8 Tage, VP
Eigene Anreise z.B.
7 Tage, VP
Gäste loben: freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, Zustand des Hotels, Größe der Zimmer, Sauberkeit im Restaurant, guter Check-In/Check-Out
Wadduwa, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
8 Tage, VP
Eigene Anreise z.B.
7 Tage, VP
Gäste loben: freundliches Personal, schöner Pool, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, kompetentes Personal, schönes Restaurant, guter Check-In/Check-Out
Beruwala, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, AI
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, AI
Gäste loben: Größe der Zimmer, Sauberkeit im Zimmer, freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, schöner Pool, Nähe zum Strand
Kalutara, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, AI
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, AI
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, freundliches Personal, guter Check-In/Check-Out, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, Sauberkeit im Restaurant, leckeres Essen
Bentota, Sri Lanka Südküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, ÜF
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, ÜF
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, gute Zimmerausstattung, freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, schöner Pool, Sauberkeit im Zimmer
Waikkal, Sri Lanka Westküste
Pauschal z.B.
4 Tage, AI
Eigene Anreise z.B.
1 Tag, AI
Gäste loben: Nähe zum Strand, freundliches Personal, gute Fremdsprachenkenntnisse, Größe der Zimmer, Größe des Badezimmers, gute Zimmerausstattung
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Sri Lanka Reiseinformationen

Früher als Ceylon bekannt, liegt dieser Inselstaat unterhalb des Südzipfels von Indien in der Nähe des Äquators im Indischen Ozean. Vor allem in den Küstengebieten ist es mit Temperaturen von bis zu 30 Grad ganzjährig angenehm warm. Allerdings kommt es von Mai bis August zu einem Südwestmonsun und von Dezember bis Februar zu einem Nordostmonsun. Vor allem die Strände im Süden und Südosten Sri Lankas sind als Paradies für Surfer und Kitesurfer bekannt und ziehen Urlauber an, die entlang der Kilometer langen Sandstrände über die Wellen reiten möchten.


Von der Küste ausgehend, steigt das größtenteils buddhistisch geprägte Land zu einem zentralen Plateau an, das von unzähligen Teeplantagen überzogen ist. Dort erwarten die Aktivurlauber viele Wanderwege wie zum Beispiel der Pilgerweg auf den Adam’s Peak, einem heiligen Berg, auf dem Adam seinen Fußabdruck hinterlassen haben soll. Wer spektakuläre Landschaften liebt, wird sich in den Bergen Sri Lankas wohlfühlen.


Auch das Tiefland hat einiges zu bieten: In den zahlreichen Nationalparks kann man auf abenteuerliche Safaris gehen und exotische Tiere wie Elefanten, Wasserbüffel, Krokodile und Leoparden bestaunen.
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www.kamalsrilankantours.com Sri Lanka General

Sri Lanka lies in the Indian Ocean, south-east of the Indian subcontinent, between 6 ° and 10 ° north latitude and between 79 ° and 82 ° east longitude. The island measures 445 kilometers in the north-south axis and 225 kilometers in the east-west axis. The total area covers 65,610 sq km. The official country name is: Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.
The official country languages are Sinhala and Tamil, traffic is English. The capital is Colombo with a population of 637,865 people (2.2 million inhabitants), the total population is about 20.2 million citizens, 74.9% of the Sinhala population, 18.1% of the Tamil population 7.1% of Arabs and 0.8% of others, such as Mailaien and Burgher (Mischlinge Caucasians with Sinhalese / Tamils) are based in Sri Lanka. 69.3% of the total population is Buddhists, 15.5% Hindus, 7.6% Christians and 7.5% Muslims. In Sri Lanka, the United Arab Republic's presidential republic is dominated by a parliamentary-democratic order, and the head of state, Mahinda Rajapaksa, has been re-elected for a six-year term of office on January 26, 2010, as an executive president. The Parliament consists of a one-chamber system with 225 deputies with an imperative mandate. Sri Lanka is administratively divided into nine provinces and 25 districts administered by a directly elected provincial council. In 1945, free education and schooling were introduced from 5 to 14 years. Tuition fees are Sinhala and Tamil, and English is compulsory. This results in a literacy rate of over 96%. There are also 13 universities and numerous international private schools. The official national sport is volleyball, but by far, cricket is much more popular. The national team is one of the best in the world.

Climate
The climate of Sri Lanka is tropically warm with different rainfall patterns due to the monsoons. The average temperatures range from 16 degrees Celsius in Nuwara Eliya in the central highlands (although there may even be snow and frost in winter) to 32 degrees Celsius in Trincomalee on the northeast coast of the country. The coldest month is January, the warmest month of May. The average temperature for the whole country is 29 degrees Celsius. The southwest monsoon sets in with high rainfall in May and October, the northeast monsoon mostly in November. Best travel time: November - April.

Fauna & Flora
According to the precipitation conditions, the vegetation from west to east changed. From tropical rainforest and mountain forest to xerophytic bush vegetation (African steppe). The plant world is characterized by its abundant abundance and diversity of species. The most important crops are coconut, rice, sugar cane, tea shrubs, indigo, tobacco, coffee, cocoa and many spice plants such as chili, cinnamon or coriander.
In addition, Asian wild elephants, leopards (endangered, only about 600 animals), wild boars, deer, buffaloes, warans, crocodiles, giant snakes (such as Typerpython) and poisonous snakes (like cobra) , Which is world famous and attracts many tourists.
Sri Lanka is also rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, tin, manganese, nickel, cobalt, arsenic and gold. The most famous gemstones are rubies, sapphires and topazes. The most important export commodities in Sri Lanka are textiles and clothing, tea, precious stones and coconut products.

The People
The people in Sri Lanka are generally cheerful, hospitable, loving and communicative. The majority of the population speaks fluent English. The crime rate in Sri Lanka is very low, so there is usually no danger of being robbed or robbed. Despite the very low income of the majority of the population, who have to live partly in very poor circumstances, it is not in the mentality of the people of others to take away anything or to harm another living being. This is also prohibited by Buddhism. They can therefore move freely in all parts of the country and are not restricted. If you are never talking aloud, aggressively or scream, you have lost your face in Asia and do not reach anything at all. Please avoid begging children giving money or sweets. Let them bring you useful things for the school, such as pencils, staplers or pens. Children do not become schoolchildren and beggars by the lucrative side-income of the tourists.
Tip: When buying souvenir gifts for your home, please pay at least 40% of the price requested. Unless you are in a tightly priced business (where a small room for maneuver is admitted). A charming friendliness in action usually wins in Sri Lanka!


Buddhism
Notes on codes of conduct in Buddhist temples:


- When entering the temples please pull other types of footwear and enter barefoot
- Drag to temple visits please adequate clothes (no beach outfit)
- not from me without permission, praying or meditating Photographing nearby
- Annoy please not the rest of the meditators by loud conversations
- if you want to be photographed in front of a Buddha stature, please make sure that your back does not apply to Buddha, but ask yourself to the half-profile, if you photographed are
the people of Sri Lanka thank you for following these rules. If you should make a mistake, this is not a broken leg, you are only kindly pointed out. Buddhism is a very tolerant religion (philosophy) and people are also aware that you come from a different culture and you will forgive any wrongdoing!



Buddhism already settled in Sri Lanka in the 3rd century BC. Several ancient sites such as cave temples with Buddhafiguren on the island are among the most precious things the world religion has to offer in art history. Since almost 70 per cent of the inhabitants are of Buddhist faith, the temples in honor of the "enlightened" are the most widespread sacred buildings in Sri Lanka.
Hinduism is the primary religion of the Tamil minority. The rich and colorful decorated temples of the Hindus stand in stark contrast to the mostly white dome structures of the Buddhists. The contrast richness is exacerbated by the extensive profane buildings of the colonial period. Anyone who has been to Sri Lanka and. The kindness, hospitality and tolerance of the people who has learned the know are that closed a couple of militant guerrillas in the north not to an entire country represents

Besides municipalities Christian faith (remains of the Portuguese colonial era) and (About eight per cent of the total population), Buddhism and Hinduism, which characterize Sri Lanka's religious and cultural life, are the most important.
Letzte Version bearbeitet von KamalPalitha
Für Sri Lanka existiert leider noch kein Beitrag. Stellen Sie alle Infos, die Sie zu diesem Land haben für andere Urlauber zusammen und spielen Sie den Reiseführer!


Kamalsrilankantours.com/ kamalpalitha99@yahoo.com
Kandy


Kandy is a city in the central mountains of Sri Lanka, the 2001 had about 110,000 inhabitants. The name Kandy derives from the singhalic "Kanda uḍa raṭa", "Kingdom on the mountain". Kandy is located at an altitude of almost 500 meters, surrounded by hills in the Kandy Valley by the river Mahaweli. The average temperature is 24 ° C, which is much cooler than in the lowland. In addition to the altitude, the artificial lake in the center, built in 1812 by the last Sinhalese king, contributes to the fresh climate and relatively good air quality.
Kandy was the capital of the last Sinhalese kingdom, which could assert itself against numerous attempts at conquest by the colonial powers, until it was conquered by the British in 1815. In the so-called dental temple (Sri Dalada Maligawa) an upper left canine canal of the Buddha is preserved. This relic was an important source of the legitimacy of the Sinhala kingship and was therefore always kept in the respective residence town. It makes the city one of the most important pilgrimage sites of Buddhism, which is a major reason for the prosperity of the city. To the annual processions (Esala Perahera) in mid August, Kandy is visited by pilgrims, since then the relic is carried on an elephant through the city.
In 1988, the city's temple district was declared a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

Polonnaruwa

Polonnaruwa is a city in the North Central Province of Sri Lanka. Since 1982, the archaeological park of the same name has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Remains of large stupas (singhalese "Dagoba") and temples with numerous Buddhafiguren, as well as gardens, parks and palace complexes and various buildings of an extensive city make the complex a main attraction of tourism. The still existing small town has about 13,000 inhabitants (as of 1981) and is main place of the administrative district Polonnaruwa.
In Polonnaruwa is the unique Gal Vihara, the various 12th-century Buddhist temples carved from a rock that reflect the different positions of Buddha. Among them is the 14-meter-long Buddha, which enters Nirvana.

Anuradhapura

Anuradhapura is the capital of North Central Province of Sri Lanka. For over a thousand years it has been the center of various Sinhalese royal dynasties.
Near Anuradhapuras lies Mihintale, the cradle of Sinhala Theravada Buddhism. The historical Anuradhapura, founded around 400 BC, is still a pilgrimage destination for many Buddhists as well as a major archaeological site.
Anuradhapura was founded in the fourth century BC near the Sri Mahabodhi tree and was the first capital of Sri Lanka. In 100 AD, the city was the ninth largest in the world. Anuradhapura could not stand the pressure of the Chola dynasty and fell into their hands. Anuradhapura was political and religious center for 1300 years, was abandoned after the invasion of 993 and remained hidden for many years in the jungle. After important excavations of palaces, monasteries and monuments, it is again an important center in Sri Lanka.
The most important pilgrimage site of Anuradhapura is the Sri Mahabodhi. According to tradition, this poplar fig grew from a branch of that tree in Bodhi Gaya (North India), under which Siddharta Gautama, the Buddha, is said to have attained enlightenment. In the third century BC the branch came to Sri Lanka in the course of the Buddhist missions of King Ashokas.
In addition, there are several large Dagobas (Stupas) in the city and the surrounding region, especially those of Ruwanväliseya, Abhayagiri and Thuparama.

Dambulla


The City Dambulla is located in the central province of Sri Lanka, 148 km north-east of Colombo and 72 kilometers north of Kandy. It has about 65,000 inhabitants.
Dambulla is famous for its Buddhist cave temples, the largest rose quartz deposits in South Asia and for Namal Uyana (Ironwood Forest)
The area was settled in the 3rd century BC. BC.. Statues and paintings go back to the 1st century BC. The works of art were renewed in the 11th, 12th and 18th centuries.
The caves once served King Valagamba (Vattagamini Abhaya) as the fate of his 14-year exile of Anuradhapura, when the city was occupied by the Indians. The monks of Dambulla protected him from his adversaries. When Valagamba could return to his throne, he built a great temple as a thank-you for the help.
There are about 80 cave temples in Dambulla, of which five are large. With an area of 2100 m², this is the largest temple complex in the country. Many temples contain historical paintings and statues. The paintings depict the life of Buddha, among other things Buddha's temptation by the demon Mara as well as Buddha's first sermon.
Since 1991, the temple complex has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name "Golden Temple of Dambulla".

Sigiriya

Sigiriya is a monolith rock in Sri Lanka, on the ruins of a historic rock fortress located. The name derives from 'Siha Giri', which means Lion Rock. In 1982 Sigiriya was declared a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

In 473 AD King Dhatusena (455 to 473 AD) of Anuradhapura was killed by his son Kassapa, who was born by one of his sidewomen, thus securing the succession to the throne. Kassapa I (473 to 491 AD) had the fortress built for fear of his half-brother Moggallana, who was the heir to the throne. In 491 Moggallana returned with an army from the South Indian exile and defeated Kassapa, whereupon he became king (491 to 508) and Anuradhapura again became the capital.

The fortress lay on the magm block of an eroded volcano, which rises about 200 m out of the plain and offers a perfect panoramic view. On the rock were the palace buildings, of which today only the foundation walls are visible, since they were built of wood. There were several cisterns in which collected rainwater was collected in order to have sufficient drinking water supplies even in case of a long siege.
About half-height, frescoes of mostly barbus women (cloud girls) were made under a rock overhang, which today are accessible via a steel spiral staircase. Originally, according to an inscription, 500 of these drawings have been given, which are strikingly similar to the frescoes of Ajanta. Today, there are 22 of them, partially restored in the 1970s; In some of them the breasts were 'lifted': the nipples are in some cases drawn higher than in the originals, which can be clearly seen.

Galle

Galle is a city in southwest Sri Lanka, 116 kilometers from the capital Colombo. It is connected with it and with Matara by a railway line.
The fortress Galle, built in 1663 by the Dutch, is world heritage as the old town. It is the largest preserved European fortress in South Asia and shows an interaction between European and Asian architecture.
Another landmark of the city is the St. Mary's Cathedral, founded by Jesuits.
Prior to colonialization, Galle was a major seaport. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malay, and Indians were driving brisk trade here. In 1640, the Portuguese capitulated to the Dutch, who made Galle the seat of the governor of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), and thus became the capital of Dutch Ceylon. The British, who took over the country from the Dutch in 1796, used the fort as a local administrative center. In Colombo, they established a larger seaport, which lost the port of Galle its outstanding importance.
Galle is the seat of the bishopric of Galle.


Adam's Peak


The mountain Sri Pada (Sanskrit for "sacred foot," actually refers only to the footprint at the summit; Sinhala: Samanalakanda ( "butterfly mountain"); Tamil: Sivanolipatha Malai, germ .: Adams' Peak) is a 2243 m High individual rocks in the province of Sabaragamuwa in Sri Lanka in the Ratnapura district.
The mountain is a pilgrimage site for Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims and Christians.
On the summit stands an inhabited monastery, where a 1.8 meter long footprint ("Sri Pada"), which is honored by Buddhists as the footprint of the Buddha. Hindus see the footprint as that of Shiva Adipadham. Muslims see in it the footprint of Adam, Christians that of the Apostle Thomas.
According to Buddhist-Sinhala faith, every good Buddhist should have ascended this mountain at least once in a lifetime.

Yala National Park

The Yala National Park is the most famous and oldest nature reserve in Sri Lanka. The 1,500 km² national park is located in the south-east of the island on the territory of the southern province and Uva. It is home to numerous mammals and bird species, making it a popular tourist destination for tourists. In 1899 areas of today's park were put under protection for the first time. The National Park was founded in 1938.
Large parts of the park are reminiscent of an African bush savannah. The flat landscape is interrupted by highly prominent rock formations such as the Elephantenfelsen. The outer parts of the park, on the other hand, are dominated by monsoon forests. Two rivers, Kumbukkan Oya and Menik Ganga, feed these forests with water and form small lakes and pools. They continue to flow through the plains and end in the Indian Ocean. The coastal strip of the park, about 35 km long, is densely covered, especially on the lagoons with river lagoons. Near the coast is also a swamp area, the Kumana Mangrave Swamp. After the rainy season numerous wildflowers and climbing plants blossom. Trees in the park such as the Kumbuk (Terminalia arjuna), Halmilla (Berrya cordiflora) and the Palau tree (Manilkara hexandra) provide protection and food for many animals.


Over 30 mammalian and over 130 bird species can be seen in the park. In Yala West live about 40 leopards. This is one of the highest leopard densities in the world. Elephants continue to roam the plains of the park and lobes move through the woods in search of termites. Above all, in the vicinity of the coast, both indigenous bird species and migratory birds from North India, West Asia and Europe can be found in the winter months.


Jaffna

Jaffna is the capital of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. Jaffna is located on a peninsula north of Sri Lanka and borders the Palk road. The climate of Jaffna is tropical and the southwest monsoon is very low. The average annual temperature is about 30 ° C. The population of Jaffna is 185,405 people. With about 90% of the population, the Tamils represent the largest ethnic group. The rest of the population consists of Singhalese and Moors. There were also different ethnic groups from India like Indian Tamils, the people of the Andhra and Malayalees.
Jaffna is a trading center for the surrounding region, where coconuts, rice and tobacco are cultivated. Most Tamils belong to Hinduism, to Christianity or Islam there is only a minority. Jaffna is the seat of the Diocese of Jaffna. The city was the second largest city in the country for several decades. In the 17th and 18th century, the Portuguese occupied the city, later the Dutch. In 1795 the British occupied the region. Due to ethnic conflicts, many residents have left the city, leading to a drastic decline in population. According to the 2001 census, 146,000 people lived in the city. The city was until 1995 a high fortress of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, who want to establish an independent Tamil Eamam state. 1995/96 conquered the army of Sri Lanka, the city. In 1998, the city was again conquered by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. However, like all other former territories of the LTTE, it now belongs to the state of Sri Lanka after the end of the civil war.
Jaffna is also the cultural capital of the Tamils of Sri Lanka.


Trincomalee

 

Trincomalee is the capital of the Eastern Province and located in the northeast of Sri Lanka, about 180 km northeast of the town of Kandy. It has one of the largest natural deep sea ports in the world. Trinco is often used for the village.
On the site of today's temple, once stood the legendary temple of the thousand pillars. In 1622 he was destroyed by the Portuguese. They tipped him over a cliff into the sea. Today, the Hindu temple built on a cliff top, Swadi Rock, is a significant and notable attraction.
In 1617, the Dutch tried unsuccessfully to conquer Trincomalee on behalf of the Dutch. At that time Portugal was colonial power in Trincomalee and maintained a fort. In the course of the 17th century, several changes of power followed between the Dutch, the French, the Portuguese and the British, until finally Trincomalee fell into the hands of the British until the independence of Sri Lanka. In the Second World War Trincomalee gained a great military importance for the British after the Singapore had fallen to the Japanese army. Trincomalee became the only city of Sri Lanka's target of a Japanese air attack.
The port city is located in the eastern province, which is mostly inhabited by Tamils. In the past, tensions between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and Sinhalese, the largest ethnic group in Sri Lanka, continued to arise.
Trincomalee was severely affected by the earthquake in the Indian Ocean in 2004. Large parts of the harbor area were destroyed.
In 1984 Deutsche Welle opened a relay station in Trincomalee. A medium-wave transmitter at 1548 kHz and three short-wave transmitters are available for the international programs. Due to the flare of the civil war, the relay station was inactive for a few years shortly after its opening. Today a safe operation is possible.
A few kilometers west of Trincomalee is the miracle of the Hot Wells: several sources, which despite the spatial proximity have different temperatures. In addition to these sources, there is a small market on which, among other things, refreshments can be purchased. About 12 km north of Trincomalee is located near Nilaveli the small bathing island Pigeon Island with coral beach. The island can only be reached by boat. Nilaveli has a fantastic white beach.



 

Flavours Sri Lanka has a healthy, vitamin-rich and varied cuisine. Sometimes the kitchen can be very sharp. If you do not like the food well, please take care of each order and explicitly point out the food is mild.
 
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